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Assisted Reproduction
Fertility Gynaecology 

Assisted reproductive technologies (ART)


Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are medical procedures used to help couples conceive a child when they are experiencing infertility. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most well-known and commonly used form of ART. Here’s how IVF works:

  1. Ovarian stimulation: The woman receives medication to stimulate her ovaries to produce multiple eggs.
  2. Egg retrieval: The eggs are removed from the ovaries using a needle guided by ultrasound.
  3. Fertilization: The eggs are combined with sperm in a laboratory dish, and fertilization occurs.
  4. Embryo culture: The fertilized eggs (embryos) are cultured in a laboratory for several days, until they reach a certain stage of development.
  5. Embryo transfer: One or more embryos are transferred into the woman’s uterus using a catheter.
  6. Pregnancy: If the embryo implants in the uterus, a pregnancy can result.

IVF has helped many couples conceive a child, but it is not always successful. Some of the potential risks and limitations of IVF include:

  1. Multiple pregnancies: IVF increases the likelihood of a multiple pregnancy, which carries its own risks.
  2. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS): In rare cases, the medications used to stimulate the ovaries can cause OHSS, which can be a serious medical condition.
  3. Failed fertilization or implantation: Not all fertilized eggs will develop into viable embryos, and not all embryos will implant in the uterus.
  4. Birth defects: There may be a slightly increased risk of certain birth defects associated with IVF.
  5. Emotional and financial strain: IVF can be a physically and emotionally demanding process, and it can be expensive.


Despite the potential risks and limitations, IVF remains a popular and effective option for couples experiencing infertility. Couples considering IVF should work closely with their healthcare provider to understand the process and make an informed decision.


You can make an appointment with Dr Kenny on 07 3188 5000.

This article is written to be informative and does not substitute seeking a professional consultation from a medical professional.

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To speak directly with a team member please call 07 3188 5000