Infertility is a term that refers to the inability to get pregnant after one year of attempting to get pregnant (this is six months if a woman is 35years or older).
Pregnancy is the outcome of multiple processes with many steps.
To fall pregnant:
- Ovulation must happen, i.e., A woman’s body must release an egg from ovaries.
- There should be proper movement of the egg through the fallopian tubes to the site of fertilization.
- Sperm should be able to fertilize that sperm.
- The egg after fertilization must get implanted into an appropriate site.
Infertility can result from problems with any of these steps. In Australia, almost fifteen percent of all couples of reproductive age suffer from this issue. Their plan to start a family might not go as smoothly as planned, and this may cause both physical and emotional stress. Infertility could be due to a combination of problems. It could be either due to issues with the male reproductive system like immotile sperms or the female reproductive system; sometimes, despite everything being healthy, there may not be any apparent cause found for infertility.
Causes of infertility in females:
If you are a woman, your fertility can be affected by:
– Increased age
– Fallopian tube defects
– endometriosis or an ovulation problem,
– History of fibroids
– Sexually transmitted infection (STI) or a Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
– Current smoker or obese
Causes of infertility in males:
– Fertility in males can be affected by:
– Structural issues with the tube that transfer sperms
– Lower than normal sperm count
– Increase the number of defective sperms
Due to current advances in technology, there are many treatment options to help couples with all kinds of fertility issues. The choices depend upon your situation and what’s causing your infertility. Sometimes only one partner needs treatment. But in some cases, both partners will use a combination of treatments together. These treatments often include medications that help with hormones and ovulation or some minor surgical procedures.
Two most common treatments for infertility are:
IVF or in-vitro fertilization: in this procedure, Eggs are taken from ovaries and fertilized by sperm in simulated conditions in a lab, where they develop into embryos. Then they are puts into a female’s uterus.
IUI or intrauterine insemination: In this procedure, healthy sperm is collected and directly transferred to a female’s uterus. This procedure is mostly done when a female is ovulating to increase the chances of successful insemination.
You can make an appointment with Dr Kenny on 3188 5000.
This article is written to be informative and does not substitute seeking a professional consultation from a medical professional.