Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy
Nausea and vomiting are common complaints during the first half of pregnancy. They can continue till 14 to 16 weeks of pregnancy (or beyond in a small number of women). Although nausea and vomiting tend to be worse in the morning – thus erroneously called morning sickness – both symptoms frequently continue throughout the day.
Nausea and vomiting is seen in 70-80% of all pregnant women. It is usually not harmful to the mother or baby and subsides during the course of your pregnancy. Though, sometimes it can be severe and cause serious problems. Vomiting can be severe and the mother may not be able to keep down any food or liquid which can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalances in your body. Severe vomiting can also be due to other underlying problems like molar pregnancy. If you have severe vomiting you should get in contact with your doctor.
The exact cause of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy has not yet been established, but it has been linked to the production of the hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin. This hormone is produced during pregnancy after the fertilised egg implants.
Treatments for the nausea and vomiting seldom provide complete relief but the symptoms can be minimized. Here are some tips which can help
- Eat small meals at frequent intervals.
- Ginger is a herbal remedy which can provide some relief to your symptoms .It can be be taken mixed with hot water or as capsules.
- Sniffing fresh lemon can relieve nausea.
- Keep yourself hydrated by drinking small amounts of fluids throughout the day. Avoid taking big gulps of water at a time. Watch for signs of dehydration like dry mouth, darker color of urine, dizziness or weakness.
- Avoid food items that trigger nausea
- Get help with cooking if the odor of food triggers nausea.
- Avoid foods that are too greasy or spicy
There are prescribed medications which may sometimes be necessary in addition to the above if the symptoms continue to cause problems.
This article is written to be informative and does not substitute seeking a professional consultation from a medical professional.