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Vulvar Disorders


The vulva is the external part of female genitalia. Different diseases can arise in this region. Symptoms can vary from itching, burning to swollen skin. Treatment is usually targeted to decrease these symptoms while eliminating the cause.


Structures of the vulva:

The vulva has different parts, and each has its importance. These are:

  • Labia majora
  • Labia minora
  • Clitoris
  • Mons Pubis
  • Urethral opening
  • Vestibule
  • Perineum


Vulvar disorders can be loosely classified into skin problems, infections, and cancerous conditions.


Vulvar skin disorders:

Some common vulvar diseases that are limited to the skin are:

  • Psoriasis: It may present as itching and scaly patches.
  • Dermatitis: It may present with chronic rash and pain
  • Lichens Planus: It usually presents as tenderness, itching, and pain during sexual intercourse
  • Lichens Sclerosis: Symptoms may include burning sensation, painful intercourse, and bleeding
  • Vulvar ulceration: vulvar ulceration may be due to a variety of causes, including the conditions above, infections, trauma, or even cancer.



Vulvar infections:

Some of the most common vulvar diseases include:

  • Vulvar Thrush: This usually presents as redness, itching, and vaginal discharge. It is not considered a sexually transmitted infection.
  • Genital Herpes: This is a sexually transmitted infection that causes the affected skin to ulcerate and blister.
  • Genital Warts: This is also a sexually transmitted infection that is due to the Herpes papillomavirus. It causes the formation of warts of different sizes. Depending upon the subtype of the virus, it could be benign or pre-cancerous.


Cancerous disorders of the vulva:

Some of the malignant conditions that can involve vulvar skin are:

  • Basal cell Carcinoma
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Melanoma
  • Lymphoma


Vulvar Hygiene: 


Always consult your health care provider for diagnosis for any vulvar conditions, some general health hygiene suggestions or vulvar skin include:


  • Avoiding irritants
  • Using tampons instead of pads
  • Avoiding complete dryness
  • Dressing comfortably
  • Washing properly
  • Doing regular self-checkups


 You can make an appointment with Dr Kenny on 3188 5000.

This article is written to be informative and does not substitute seeking a professional consultation from a medical professional.

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